Mittwoch, 21. März 2012

2nd Nuclear Security Summit March 26 - March 27, 2012 Seoul, Korea

U.S. Politics

U.S. Politics

2nd Nuclear Security Summit
March 26 - March 27, 2012
Seoul, Korea

The "2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit" will be the largest summit in the security field that discusses international cooperative measures to protect nuclear materials and facilities from terrorist groups, with participation from more than 50 heads of state and international organizations. Issues to be discussed at this summit are: 

- Cooperative measures to combat the threat of nuclear terrorism

- Protection of nuclear materials and related facilities

- Prevention of illicit trafficking of nuclear materials

The 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit will serve as an opportunity for Korea to earn international recognition on its enhanced status following its hosting of the G20 Seoul Summit in 2010. In addition, the summit will serve as a forum for discussion not only of the issue of nuclear security, but also of its interface with nuclear safety which became the focus of renewed attention following the Fukushima nuclear accident.
(source: IIP Infocentral)

Basic Objectives (source: 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit page)

The possibility of nuclear terrorism became a real threat after 9/11, which increased the importance of strengthening nuclear security to prevent nuclear materials from being misused by terrorist groups. There is a need to recognize the importance of nuclear security at the summit level and seek cooperation, as the threat of nuclear terrorism cannot be addressed by a single nation.

Background (source: 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit page)

President Obama stated in his 2009 Prague speech that nuclear terrorism is a serious threat to international security, and expressed his will to lead global efforts to protect nuclear materials as part of his plan to realize his vision of a "world free of nuclear weapons." More

The Significance of the Hosting of the Summit in Seoul
(source: 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit page)

Korea has established its status as an advanced country by securing the hosting of a whole range of international meetings in the economic, cultural, and sports fields including the hosting of the 2010 G20 Seoul Summit. The holding of the 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit means that Korea has gained even greater standing in the international community in the security field as well. In addition, it is meaningful that Korea will play a leading role in establishing global governance in the security and political fields just as it played a significant role in the economic field through the hosting of the 2010 G20 Seoul Summit.

Participants (source: 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit page)

Heads of 47 states which participated in the 1st Washington Nuclear Security Summit. (Republic of Korea, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, UAE, UK, Ukraine, USA, Vietnam).

Heads of international organizations which participated in the Washington Summit (the UN, IAEA, and EU).

INTERPOL was added to the group of participants as agreed upon between the participating countries and international organizations.

1st Nuclear Security Summit (April 12-13, 2010, Washington, D.C.) 

  • Press Conference by the President Obama (April 13, 2010)
    Press Conference by the President Obama (April 13, 2010)
  • THE PRESIDENT: Good afternoon, everybody. We have just concluded an enormously productive day. I said this morning that today would be an opportunity for our nations, both individually and collectively, to make concrete commitments and take tangible steps to secure nuclear materials so they never fall into the hands of terrorists who would ...  Communiqué of the Washington Nuclear Security Summit »

  • U.S. Embassy Seoul Special Webpage: 2010 Nuclear Security Summit
    U.S. Embassy Seoul Special Webpage: 2010 Nuclear Security Summit
    On April 12-13, 2010, President Obama hosted a Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, DC, to enhance international cooperation to prevent nuclear terrorism, an issue which he has identified as the most immediate and extreme threat to global security. President Obama invited over 40 nations to participate, representing a diverse set of regions and various levels of nuclear materials, energy, and expertise. 

USG Publications

  • A World Free of Nuclear Weapons
    A World Free of Nuclear Weapons
    Since the first atomic bombs exploded in 1945, some have tried to rid the world of nuclear weapons. President Obama has embraced this goal with new vigor. This issue of eJournal USA examines the challenges to achieving nuclear disarmament. It conveys the hopes of some thinkers, and explains the doubts of others.  
  • Today's Nuclear Equation
    Today's Nuclear Equation
    While that Cold War threat of nuclear annihilation has receded, this edition of Foreign Policy Agenda examines the elements in today's nuclear equation. Instead of superpowers facing off, we encounter rogue states, stateless terrorist organizations bent on acquiring the means of mass murder, and black-market networks of renegade suppliers... 

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